The Monstera Peru may be one of the rarer houseplants out there, but this does not mean that it is particularly demanding.
Having said this, there are still plenty of things that you will need to know before you bring your new Monstera plant home.
An Introduction To The Monstera Peru
The Monstera Peru, often referred to as the Monstera Karstenianum, is a unique plant that resembles a Monstera but functions more like a succulent.
It has brilliant, glossy, green leaves that feel leathery to the touch and doesn’t become very big.
Additionally, the leaves feature stunning deep green veining that gets darker with age.
The name of this plant comes from Peru, where it was first cultivated.
Because of the way its leaves differ from those of other Monstera types, it requires a little different maintenance than its Monstera family members.
However, while being a bit different, Monstera Peru plant care is still rather straightforward, and many people believe that this type is more tolerant than many of its cousins.
As a hemiepiphyte, the Monstera Peru spends some of its time in nature on its own and spends the rest of its time growing on top of other plants and trees.
And it almost seems as like this plant was created just to be a houseplant given how little maintenance, how little extra care it needs, and how beautiful it is.
Caring For A Monstera Peru
In order to get a clearer idea of the requirements for this plant, have a look at these guidelines.
In taking care of Monstera Peru, light is crucial. It benefits from direct, strong light like the majority of tropical plants.
Keep in mind that they naturally grow behind a thick canopy of rainforest, so by the time the intense light reaches them, it has already been filtered.
It will receive enough sunshine from a north-facing window without the leaves becoming overheated.
It can, however, survive a few hours of early direct sunshine.
Although it may be left in a south-facing window, moving it in the summer when the days are longer and brighter is preferable.
It will be harmed by very intense direct light. Additionally, you’ll need to water it more frequently the more sunshine it receives.
Though it doesn’t grow much, Monstera Peru can live in low light environments.
However, low light does not always equal no light. By giving your Monstera a growing light, you can also encourage rapid growth.
Although they thrive in rooms with typical humidity levels, Monsteras are tropical plants that prefer humid environments.
The tendency of the leaves to turn yellow and eventually die lets you know whether the humidity is insufficient.
Use a humidifier to raise the humidity level in the surroundings if you want your Monstera to thrive.
Bathrooms are one of the ideal places for your Monstera since they frequently have high humidity levels throughout the day.
The soil you use will also have an impact on how much water it needs.
You may water your Monstera Peru more frequently without fearing that it will become saturated if you use well-draining soil.
A wet, rich soil with adequate drainage is needed for Monstera Peru.
It will function just well with a light, bark-like soil combination.
Compost, mulch, perlite, shredded bark, or coco coir can all be used to produce your own.
You may use premium indoor potting soil with orchid bark and some coco coir added for the most of my comparable plants.
On occasion, additional perlite additional nutrients from worm castings.
Whenever the top inch of the soil becomes dry, water your Monstera Peru plant.
The amount of water is influenced by the amount of light it receives, the temperature, the pot’s material, and the soil’s makeup.
Use a soil moisture indicator if you struggle to determine when to water your plants.
While you grow acclimated to the frequency of watering, it will notify you right away whether the plant needs water or not.
You will need to water your Monstera once or twice a week if you have it in bright, indirect light and the weather is not too hot.
Use a well-draining soil so that after a few irrigations, it doesn’t get overly compacted.
The pot’s composition determines how frequently it has to be watered.
You may need to water the plant more often if you are using a porous container since it absorbs moisture and causes the substrate to dry up more quickly.
On the other hand, if you placed your Monstera in a plastic container, the substrate will continue to be more humid, requiring less watering.
Using a plastic pot increases the risk of overwatering your plant, which might kill it.
Stem cuttings are the most effective method of spreading this Monstera.
Choose a young, healthy piece of the vine, then cut a section with numerous healthy leaves and at least one node using clean shears or scissors.
A node appears as a little brown or white hump on the side of a stem that is not facing a leaf. Here, new roots will begin to emerge.
Once you have your cutting, immerse it completely in a glass of clean water with a little amount of propagation promoter, making sure that the leaves do not touch the water.
The water should be changed at least once every week, and the glass should be placed in a well-lit area.
You should start to notice new roots forming in a few weeks.
Plant your young Monstera Peru in soil and take care of it as a mature plant after the roots are an inch or two long which should take around two months.
During the growth season, fertilize your Monstera Peru, but avoid doing so in the winter.
It is advised to use a slow-release granular fertilizer. Find one that has a balanced NPK and a sufficient amount of magnesium.
Get one with organic nitrogen sources instead, as the plant can use these more readily.
Common Monstera Peru Issues
The Monstera Peru is often a trouble-free, low-maintenance houseplant.
However, when you learn to take care of these tropical plants indoors, there are a few frequent issues that you can run into.
The Monstera Peru is probably either underwatered or overwatered if it is shedding leaves.
Look for stems that appear wilted or rotting, as well as soil that remains wet for an extended length of time, if the plant has been overwatered.
You could notice that the soil is dry and compacted, the leaves have crispy edges, or both if it isn’t getting enough water.
Yellow leaves often indicate that your plant is either overwatered or not getting enough sunshine.
Make sure your Monstera Peru gets several hours of strong, indirect light each day.
It should never be put more than a few feet from a sunny, bright window because doing so might cause it to start displaying distress symptoms like yellowing leaves.
Wait until the soil is totally dry before watering again to prevent overwatering your plant.
Pale, fading leaves and occasionally burned or sun-bleached areas on the foliage might indicate that your plant is receiving too much sunshine.
Avoid leaving your Monstera Peru out in the sun for too long.
Keep in mind that these Monsteras demand less light than other Monstera species like the deliciosa or adansonii.
Monstera Peru Pests
There are a few typical pests that target all varieties of tropical indoor plants, including Monsteras.
The majority of insects you’ll encounter on your plants are phytophagous, which means they eat on plant tissues and therefore harm your plant.
You could notice several signs of an infestation depending on the kind of bug that is eating your Monstera.
It is probably due to a pest infestation if you notice yellow leaves, sticky build-up, webbing, holes in the leaves, or brown or yellow markings.
The arachnid family member known as a spider mite feeds on the sap and tissues of plants.
They have the same ability to spin delicate webs as their more well-known cousins, generally in the joints where a petiole or stem splits off.
Sadly, if you see this bug on one of your plants, it has probably already spread to others.
They can move about rather easily and do so by using breezes.
Check all plants in your collection and take precautions to avoid spreading them to humans or animals who may accidentally brush up against them.
Without a magnifying glass, spider mites are hard to notice.
Yellowing around the leaf margins and little yellow or brown dots on the leaves, where the mites have sucked out the sap, are indicators that a Monstera has spider mites.
Treating Spider Mites
You may alter the atmosphere to avoid spider mites by raising the humidity level and lowering the temperature during the winter.
However, as they have the ability to hibernate, this will simply reduce their activity.
You must treat the plant if there is an infestation already present.
The population may be immediately reduced by hosing the plant down outside or putting it in the shower.
To eliminate any leftover mites, you may also wash the leaves with a horticultural soap or 70% rubbing alcohol.
You may also buy spider mite-eating ladybugs or predatory mites and unleash them inside your home.
Although this kind of biological control is effective, it might not be for everyone.
Be aware that the predatory mites typically take a number of weeks to start acting, but after they have finished their food supply, they should naturally die off.
When you know what to look for, scale insects are easy to recognize, although they might be difficult to identify at first.
The adults never move after they have affixed themselves to the plant, thus they don’t resemble insects.
If you suspect a scale infestation, you should check the stems and leaf joints as scale insects appear to favor these over the leaf’s weaker areas.
Insects are drawn to the thicker parts of the plant because those regions are more nutrient-rich.
Most people are unaware that their plants have scale until they see the insects, which form white or yellow spots and can cause leaves to yellow and/or die off.
Treating Scale Insects
To prevent other plants in the area from becoming infected, quarantine the plant immediately if you spot scale on it.
If a portion of the plant has a lot of scale on it, you can decide to trim it off rather than treat it.
An effective way for getting rid of these pests is to use a cotton swab soaked in rubbing alcohol and applied to the scale.
The alcohol dissolves the insects’ shells, swiftly killing them.
With this approach, you will need to be watchful, making sure to cure any visible scale insects and checking for fresh ones every few days.
Because they swiftly multiply, any insects that are left behind must be eliminated.
The plant itself is not attacked by fungus gnats, but as the name suggests, they are drawn to the fungus that might develop in the moist soil of your potted plants instead.
Even while fungus gnat adults don’t harm plants, their larvae feed on the delicate roots of the plant and can eventually make it wilt.
Injurious fungi can also be carried by fungus gnats.
Due to their resemblance to fruit flies in appearance and some of the same irritable habits, fungus gnats are sometimes mistaken for the latter by people.
Once you know what you’re searching for, you can tell them apart from one another.
Compared to fruit flies, fungus gnats are smaller, more delicate, and have black bodies.
They resemble small mosquitos more than anything else.
Fruit flies have more rounded bodies and might be brown or red in appearance.
Treating Fungus Gnats
Watering from the bottom as opposed to the top might also be beneficial.
Because fungus gnat larvae reside in the soil’s top layer, this procedure is effective.
In order to prevent adult fungus gnats from reaching the soil and laying their eggs, you may also attempt top dressing the soil, which is done by putting a layer of ornamental pebbles or sand around the base of the plant.
You might use wine or apple cider vinegar to create a trap.
A few teaspoons of the liquid should be combined with a few drops of liquid dish detergent, and the trap should be placed close to where you notice the most gnats.
The scent draws them in, but the dish soap traps them, and they end up drowning.
It should be noted that while pesticides can kill fungus gnat adults, their larvae are unaffected.
You need a remedy that kills them at all stages of maturation if you want to get rid of them for good.
The Monsteru Peru is a fantastic plant and if you follow the guidelines in this article, you will see the plant take on a life of its own and produce long vines that give it such a beautiful, unique look.
In general, the Monsteru Peru is an easy-going plant that does not demand too much from you.
However, this does not mean that it is immune to things such as pest infestations.
This is why it is important to know what to look out for so that you are always one step ahead.
If you enjoyed this article, you might like our post on ‘Raven ZZ Care Guide‘.