The pearls and jade pothos are one of the most popular kinds of houseplants on the market, and for good reason as they are very easy to look after compared to other plants.
They also look fantastic – both as a compact bush and as a twirly, sprawling vine.
If you are wanting to learn more about this plant and how to care for one, then keep reading through this article and you will be ready to start your pearls and jade pothos journey.
What Are Pearls And Jade Pothos?
Jade and pearls Pothos is a mutation-selection offspring of the Marble Queen cultivar created in Florida.
It has heart-shaped leaves which are smaller than the Marble Queen and the other pothos kinds.
Marble queens also have beautifully variegated leaves with dramatic streaks of green and white.
The leaves can be huge and light at times, with green stripes, and smaller patches.
Pearls and jade are excellent indoor plants in containers due to their modest size.
To add interest, arrange them on top of the center table.
It also removes formaldehyde and xylene from inside surroundings, making it the greatest choice for indoor plants.
Another interesting characteristic about pothos vines is that they do not naturally attach to trellises and supports.
They may, however, be taught to create the appearance of twining.
How Big Do The Pearls And Jade Pothos Get?
They may grow to be hundreds of feet long or tall, but it takes time.
As indoor plants, they can grow to be 30 feet long, although most are kept at a much lower, neater length.
If you find that your plant’s stems are becoming long and scraggly, you can cut them off.
You have the option of cutting all the way down to the earth or wherever along the stem.
Remember that the plant will sprout new growth from slightly above the area you cut, resulting in a bushier plant.
You may also stimulate complete growth by propagating the portions you remove and replanting them.
Are The Pearls And Jade Pothos Toxic To Dogs?
Unfortunately, cats and dogs are harmful to pearls and jade pothos if they gnaw on the leaves or stems.
The hazardous poisons are insoluble calcium oxalate crystals found in pothos leaves and stems.
When a pet bites or chews on the leaves, crystals are discharged, causing mouth burning and irritation, drooling, vomiting, reduced appetite, and trouble swallowing.
If you realize your pet has consumed a portion of a pothos plant, you should take them to the veterinarian and bring a plant sample with you.
How To Look After A Pearls And Jade Pothos?
These plants are pretty straightforward when it comes to care, but that does not mean that they don’t like their comforts!
Here are some guidelines that you should follow in order to have the healthiest, happiest pearls and jade pothos.
Pearls and jade pothos tolerate a little negligence in terms of watering. Less really is more.
Overwatering can soon destroy your plant but underwatering will not. It will appear sad and wilted, possibly even somewhat brown, but it will perk back up when watered.
Water it once a week in the summer and once every two to three weeks in the winter.
This is due to the fact that it is less about a strict timetable and more on how rapidly the soil dries up, which varies throughout the year.
This plant will thrive in full sun or partial shade.
However, if you want the best-looking pearls and jade, you should position it in an area with strong, indirect light.
Direct sunlight exposure can cause leaf blistering and color loss.
Maintaining a lively variegated look requires the correct quantity of light. Your pothos leaves may also get tiny owing to a lack of light.
Ideally, pearls and jade should get 63% to 80% shade. If the shade goes above 80%, there’ll be a loss of variegation and your pothos will turn green.
Although the loss of variegation is not wholly detrimental to the plant’s health, it does greatly reduce the aesthetic value of your pearls and jade.
If you want your plant to grow as healthy as possible, keep the temperature between 60 and 85°F all year.
Winter temperatures, on the other hand, can be fairly low.
Look for ways to keep your pothos warm throughout this season, making sure the temperature never falls below 50°F.
During this season, the cold forces the plant’s cells to freeze, causing harm and disrupting the routes for nutrients and water.
If any of the plant’s components do not get enough food and water, the vines become weak and the leaves discolor and wither.
Although the pearls and jade pothos can handle dry air, it thrives in high humidity, which is understandable given that it is a tropical plant.
As a result, you’ll want to keep the moisture levels between 50 and 70%.
This plant adapts nicely to any potting mix in which it is placed.
As long as it’s nutrient-rich, drains adequately, and has adequate aeration. In this sense, regular garden soil is not a suitable choice for this plant.
It’s too compacted for pearls and jade pothos, which require loosely compacted soil.
A potting mixture provides for the free passage of nutrients, air, and water, resulting in a healthy root system.
So, while it may appear to be an extra expense, consider investing in a potting mix, especially one designed for succulents and cacti, such as this one.
Peat moss is frequently used as the major element in cactus mixes.
This ingredient aids not just in absorbency but also in the capacity to release moisture as needed.
Perlite or pumice, as well as sand, are likely to be found in a Cacti-specific potting mixture.
Their goal is to increase the drainage and aeration of the soil.
Pearls and jade are not heavy feeders; therefore they will not require frequent fertilizing.
In reality, if the soil is healthy and rich in organic matter, there is no need to apply fertilizer.
During the spring and summer, you may still apply a diluted houseplant fertilizer once a month or so.
Fertilize your plants in the fall and winter when they aren’t growing much.
Due to the fact that the pearls and jade pothos are categorized as vines, it is normal for their stems to spread and trail.
As a result, they will require trimming on a regular basis to preserve an elegant form.
There is no hard and fast rule about when to prune the pothos as it depends on how quickly it grows and how big you want it to get.
Other times, when old and damaged leaves show, trimming is required.
If you want your pearls and jade to seem thicker, you might squeeze or mildly prune them.
This type of pruning, which involves pinching off the vine’s branches and tips while they are still young, must be done on a regular basis.
However, if you want the vine to trail down from its container, you can prune it on a regular basis.
Allow the pothos to develop before cutting the unwanted stems down to the ground. You can keep the plant’s slim look this way.
It is critical that you use clean scissors when pruning. To destroy hazardous germs, disinfect them using 70% alcohol.
We do this because we do not want to spread infections to our pothos.
Common Pearls And Jade Pothos Problems
Just like any houseplant, the pearls and jade pothos may run into some problems as they are not totally indestructible.
Here are some common issues that owners experience with these plants.
Overwatering is likely to cause your pearls and jade to wilt and the leaves to seem thin, faded, and yellow.
Make sure your plant is in well-draining soil and that you aren’t overwatering it.
If the plant’s leaves are becoming yellow and have crispy brown patches on them, you may be drowning it.
Remember that, while it will survive some neglect, it is not a succulent.
At this time, the dirt is most likely caked and retreating away from the edges.
Use a fork to break up and aerate the top layer of soil before watering the plant.
Fill up the spaces between the earth and the pot with dirt. Then totally wet.
It is recommended to trim off the problematic areas whether you have underwatered or overwatered.
Even after you’ve adjusted your care, it won’t rebound.
Brown patches on the leaves of this plant is generally the first indication that anything is amiss with the plant.
However, what is wrong might be one of various situations. If your plant is new, the blotches might be caused by stress.
The most prevalent cause of brown patches on pearls and jade pothos is overwatering.
They are prone to overwatering and dislike sitting in wet soil. Allow your pothos soil to dry out more between waterings.
If you do not give adequate drying time for the soil or if your soil does not drain correctly, the roots of your plant will be deprived of oxygen, which can lead to more serious problems such as root rot.
Underwatering, on the other hand, might result in brown patches.
If the brown patches are caused by being underwatered, you may also see some of the leaves get brown edges on your Pearls and Jade as a result of drying out.
If you see this, increase the frequency with which you water your plant.
Allow the top few inches of soil in your Pearls and Jade container to dry between waterings, but do not always allow the whole soil in its pot to dry out.
Direct sunlight may also cause burns, which result in brown areas. These plants do not fare well in direct sunshine.
As a result, if you leave your plant near a window where the sun shines directly on it, it is quite likely that it will be burned.
The most common cause of pothos drooping is underwatering.
Pothos need water to sustain regular physiological processes and the turgor pressure required to keep the plant strong and healthy.
Pothos drooping can also be caused by pests and diseases, as well as poor growth circumstances.
Bacterial Leaf Spot
Small, brown, raised spots or big brown patches might alert a plant owner to the possibility of a fungal infection.
To cure this illness, first remove the damaged leaves by selecting or cutting them off.
Clean anything you used to prune thoroughly to avoid spreading the illness to other plants.
Keep any mist away from the plant’s leaves and avoid allowing water to pool on the foliage.
Fungus flourishes in moist environments, so keep an eye out for water accumulation if the soil isn’t well drained or if water pools on the leaves.
Taking the plants to a dryer location, with less humidity will aid in the removal of this fungus.
Consider using an air purifier or opening a window to allow the air circulating to stay fresh and fungus-free.
This can help to reduce fungal spread, which can otherwise spread to other plants.
Most houseplants, including pothos, are susceptible to root rot.
Root rot is a plant disease that causes browning of the roots at the start of the rotting stage.
It is subsequently followed by the complete plant decay.
To inspect the roots, take a small part of the plant and study the color and texture of the roots.
Healthy roots should be strong and white in color.
If it appears brown to practically black and is squishy when handled, it is most likely suffering from root rot.
To rescue pothos from root rot, remove the affected roots.
The remaining root system should next be cleaned and disinfected with a fungicide.
The plant should then be repotted in a new pot with fresh soil mix. In the event of severe root rot, propagate pothos to obtain a new plant.
Although these plants are normally pest-free, unwanted organisms from surrounding plants may switch hosts on occasion.
To help prevent pests, carefully check your plant before bringing it home, since healthy plants are far more resistant to these types of infections.
Keep a look out for any early warning signs since it is far more efficient to catch the insects before they totally overwhelm your pothos.
This scale pest is generally subtle and silent. They will go undiscovered until the plant is severely harmed.
The scales may be adjusted in a number of ways.
The first is that you may manually delete them after they’ve been detected.
Horticultural oils can also be used to kill and remove them from the damaged areas of the pothos.
Mealybugs are the little cottony creatures that can be found on the stems and leaves of your pothos.
You may take the mealybugs off one by one if the infestation isn’t too terrible.
These organisms can also be eliminated by dabbing them with an alcohol-soaked towel.
Aphids are soft-bodied, small green insects. Spray horticultural oils and insecticidal soap directly on the aphids.
This will reduce their population in your pothos.
The pearls and jade pothos is a perfect houseplant option for those who are just beginners in the houseplant world.
They are easy to take care of and do not even require fertilizers in order to grow big and healthy.
If you do not like the thought of a sprawling plant in your home, then you can prune it to your liking if you prefer a more discreet look.
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